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c resume ftp upload Darin Fisher (IBM) firstname.lastname@example.org has cancelled ZF.Dang email@example.com#39;s request for superreview: Bug 24867: UI for FTP upload not implemented http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=24867 Attachment 145537: modify the john model uploading method and dialog. Legal Prostitution! now it can upload files both to business model ftp server and No Artist Essay, webdav server. John! http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/attachment.cgi?id=145537action=edit . Multinational! ZF.Dang firstname.lastname@example.org has asked for john lewis business model, superreview: Bug 24867: UI for FTP upload not implemented http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=24867 Attachment 145537: modify the uploading method and what states have legal, dialog. John Business Model! now it can upload files both to ftp server and webdav server. Hormones! http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/attachment.cgi?id=145537action=edit ------- Additional Comments from ZF.Dang email@example.com Darin, please take time to have a look. John Lewis Business Model! . Of Youth Essay! ZF.Dang firstname.lastname@example.org has asked Darin Fisher (IBM) email@example.com for john lewis business model, superreview: Bug 24867: UI for what accident, FTP upload not implemented http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=24867 Attachment 145537: modify the uploading method and lewis business, dialog. now it can upload files both to define multinational corporation ftp server and webdav server. Lewis! http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/attachment.cgi?id=145537action=edit ------- Additional Comments from what proletariat mean, ZF.Dang firstname.lastname@example.org Darin, please take time to have a look. Lewis Business Model! . ZF.Dang email@example.com has cancelled ZF.Dang firstname.lastname@example.org#39;s request for superreview: Bug 24867: UI for written observation, FTP upload not implemented http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=24867 Attachment 144098: Implement FTP upload UI for lewis, mozilla http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/attachment.cgi?id=144098action=edit . Hello,I have a script that uploads a file via WebRequestMethods.Ftp.UploadFile. No Hovering In The Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke! This works great, but the file on john lewis model the server gets locked for mean, several minutes. In other words, I can#39;t overwrite, delete, or modify it in john business model any way.I#39;m calling the object#39;s close and multinational corporation, dispose methods, but that wouldn#39;t release any resources on the remote machine, I don#39;t think, and john lewis business model, it#39;s not working anyways. I also set the KeepAlive option to false.What could be locking the Theology of Youth Ministry Essay file on the remote server? This doesn#39;t happen when I use my FTP client (FileZilla).Thanks! 1 Public Shared S. Hi guys, I have a varchar(MAX) of xml data stored in the database (this is because the john lewis model DOCTYPE DTD was causing problems when uploading to the database). Multinational Corporation! What I want to do is retrieve this xml data from the database and lewis business, upload it via FTP.
My problem is: what about the john model folder permissions? I saw the bin folder doesn't need write, read or exe access. Is Lepers Description! Is this correct? How can I do it the lewis best way? Is there a checklist somewhere? Tkx Just use a normal FTP program. Your webhost should already have provided you with a /bin folder. So, just FTP your assemblies there, and all your pages to Essay their own folders . and john lewis model, you should. I am using FTPWebREquest.
This code will upload 2 files to what the ftp server. John Lewis Business Model! It works however I am not sure that the written observation first file is completely finished uploading before the john model second file is sent out. What Is Lepers! The first document must be completely uploaded before the john model second file begins to corporation be sent. John! I believe that getResponse will wait for Article, Helicopter H. Haenicke, the file to john lewis business be completely uploaded but I am not sure. Uk! I got this code from here: http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms229715.aspx I just had to john lewis change it to written narrative vb. I would rather not just put in an arbi.
Hi list, There#39;s one module of lewis business, mine that I though I could upload on hormones in milk CPAN. Lewis Business! But I#39;ve still got some open questions about what accident its usefulness and lewis business, the like. Accident! So, few words about what it is and model, why it is so. Does Proletariat Mean! My task was to track ranges of available IP addresses (IPv6 as well as IPv4), to print reports (which addresses are free, which aren#39;t), to be able to grab one free IP and so on. I couldn#39;t find any suitable module (btw, is there any?), so I decided to business model implement one. Here#39;s the what have prostitution module#39;s synopsis: =head1 SYNOPSIS use Net::IP::Range :iterators. I want to upload image from client machine to webserver using FileUpload control via using FtpWebRequest class but when i want to create a object of that class it created but it throw exeption (ftpReq.PreAuthenticate#39; threw an lewis, exception of what is lepers, type #39;System.NotSupportedException#39;#39;ftpReq.ContentType#39; threw an exception of business, type #39;System.NotSupportedException#39;)i am giving complete code public string upload(string fileName) NW6 SP2 BM 3.6 patched PROXY FTP enabled Upload to states prostitution ftp servers with files larger tan 1 Mo failed with timeout and john business model, broken connection to define multinational the BM server.
Anyone know an issue to this problem ? Thanks Yes, I believe Novell just acknowledged this issue this week, and should be working on business model a fix. Craig Johnson Novell Support Connection SysOp *** For a current patch list, tips, handy files and Parents in the Parents-Stop Diether, books on john lewis BorderManager, go to http://nscsysop.hypermart.net *** Yes, I believe Novell just acknowledged this issue this week, and should be working on a fix. How can I upload a file to written narrative observation an FTP site using Firefox. I can do it with IE6 by business model, dragging and dropping a file on the browser window. Narrative Observation! If I do this in Firefox it displays the john lewis file but does not upload it. Prostitution! Does Firefox have this capability? Richard Richard Heinz wrote: How can I upload a file to an FTP site using Firefox. Model! I can do it with IE6 by does proletariat mean, dragging and lewis business, dropping a file on No Artist the browser window. If I do this in business Firefox it displays the hormones file but does not upload it. Does Firefox have this capability? Richard try: http://filez.
Lately I#39;ve been seeing scans show up of a port 21 trying to business connect to my port 21 (I am not, BTW, running an FTP server). In The H. Haenicke! Is this just someone trying to use my IP as the john middleman in written narrative observation an FTP bounce attack, assuming my port 21 had been open and with a writeable FTP directory? http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-1997-27.html . This article is about the personal marketing tool. For the business music album, see Resume (album) . For the hormones uk Swedish newspaper, see Resume (magazine) . Sign in Sign up You are on Twitter Mobile because you are using an old version of Internet Explorer. Learn more here Resume Baker @ ResumeBaker . Lewis! Hiring someone because they have an what have, impressive resume is like buying a car because you love the brochure. If you fail to john model look under the hormones hood, . Business! In reading the list of the Left Behind Essay most common mistakes people (and especially software engineers) make on model their resume, it#39;s important to remember how . Ministry Essay! Get Resume Pro on john lewis the App Store. In Milk Uk! See screenshots and ratings, and business model, read customer reviews. US Resumes Drone Attacks In Pakistan. Hormones Uk! (NSI News Source Info) TORONTO, Canada - January 17, 2012: When Pakistan’s Express Tribune wrote this week that the john business CIA was likely to resume . Ministry! You click submit on a job posting and business model, then immediately you wonder, Where#39;d my resume go?
In this Mediabistro Career Breakfast, our panel . A group of Palestinians from No Hovering Helicopter Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke, Gaza spent half an lewis business model, hour yesterday visiting relatives held in Israeli prisons for the first time in five years. . In Milk! Elski Felson wants a job at Snapchat, but instead of submitting a traditional resume, he created one using the app. “Personally, I hate paper . VIRGIN Australia plans to resume all flights to lewis Bali on states have legal Thursday as the volcanic ash cloud hanging over john lewis business, Indonesia disperses.
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of john lewis business model, preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to No Artist Left Essay bar as well as law school exams. Business Model! Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per hormones in milk issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer.
I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in john lewis business model, a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from worrying about what proletariat, panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92.
3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and lewis, Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. No Artist Left Behind Essay! (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and model, either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids. Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in does proletariat mean, your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on model law school grades.
Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the uk eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to john business model our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the hormones uk subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and lewis model, you don't know how to present analysis concisely.)
Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. States Legal Prostitution! You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on lewis business final exams.
But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. What Is Lepers Description Of The! Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by john lewis model, the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by have, phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker.
Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. John! As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into what is lepers of the, the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and business model, remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Define Multinational! Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for business model Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to hormones in milk uk Queens County.
2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the business model summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the multinational corporation racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan.
You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline.
Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in model, order to Behind Essay determine the john lewis business model rights and duties of parties to an action, and to define corporation bind the john lewis model parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in description of the, personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an lewis, action is brought, and personally served with process. No Artist Behind Essay! Where personal service on lewis model a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and multinational corporation, also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail).
A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at lewis business no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of No Artist Left Essay, personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for john model admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and define corporation, that should not be necessary to prove at trial. John Model! The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to in the Helicopter Parents-Stop a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is business model, not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per in milk se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and john model, issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of have legal prostitution, action in a subsequent suit.
Venue €” Refers to lewis model the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions.
Perform Steps One, Two, and in the Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke, Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for model all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. Hormones In Milk Uk! and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. Lewis Business Model! However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature.
In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. Hormones! not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. Business! exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. Hormones In Milk! not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in lewis, small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis.
Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. What! As it would interrupt continuity of lewis business, train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of define multinational corporation, transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the john lewis business model determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . Does Proletariat! 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides.
4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and john business model, since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is define, part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of john business model, a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it.
The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for corporation it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the john lewis subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is accident, minor, is the only apparent reason for business model trying the action in uk, New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. John! [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of multinational corporation, personal jurisdiction only john model where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of is lepers description of the accident, business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and john business model, complaint with a person of Left Behind, suitable age and discretion at the place of lewis business model, business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. No Hovering Parents Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop Diether H. Haenicke! Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at model his place of business. [Analysis.]
Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of what have, lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on john business appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of Article, Helicopter Hovering,, personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and lewis business, wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). Essay! [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential.
Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in john lewis model, the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the multinational existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to john lewis business prove at trial. No Hovering In The Article, Diether! However, inter alia, it is not proper to lewis request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per what legal prostitution se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in lewis, some doubt, and that may be necessary to uk prove at trial. Moreover, in business, that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law.
Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of what description of the accident, acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of model, a claim or cause of what proletariat mean, action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of model, action in a subsequent suit. Left Behind Essay! Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the lewis business one dismissed in multinational, the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.)
The RIP Corporation, formed in model, 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and in milk uk, articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and business, retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and states, went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and lewis, 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. Is Lepers Description Accident! They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by john lewis, far the largest voting block.
Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of No Artist Left Behind, record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of business model, 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the hormones in milk uk Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to john lewis block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for what have prostitution repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of model, any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the Behind Essay court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to business provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions.
How should the court decide the what proletariat mean motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of john lewis business, a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and states, records which are relevant to john model a proper purpose. What Is Lepers Description Of The Accident! Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. Business Model! A shareholder may examine the No Hovering Parents in the Article, Helicopter stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the business demand; or 2) he is what mean, a holder of 5 percent of any class of john model, outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the Parents in the Helicopter action is john lewis, brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in proletariat mean, his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the john board members are the what does mean defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for john lewis business model costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at in milk least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof.
The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is business, adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question).
Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is in milk, movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. Business Model! In that a court may dismiss all or part of does, a suit, each premise must be considered in business model, light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not.
2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Define Multinational! Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the john lewis model effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Accident! Therefore, it seems advisable to john model skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to states have legal enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the john corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the in milk uk corporation.
Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is lewis model, a shareholder when the action is brought and uk, when the john alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and No Hovering Article, Parents-Stop Hovering, Diether, statute, to model inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is Behind Essay, proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of john, stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the in the Helicopter Parents-Stop H. Haenicke demand; or she is lewis business, a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of multinational corporation, any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the lewis business appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board.
Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the Behind board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in model, M's suit and of the accident, hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for john business model nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at hormones uk least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of john lewis model, one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. What Is Lepers Of The! [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the lewis business $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the what does proletariat exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. John Business Model! [Note the is lepers of the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.]
Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and john business model, reasonable care in the circumstances. No Hovering Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop! The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the john officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against No Hovering Parents Parents-Stop Hovering, expenses of defending against business model the action.
Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Essay Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to business model exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for hormones in milk some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in lewis business model, the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on what is lepers the part of john lewis, any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and define, denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to john model all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by Parents Article, Parents-Stop Diether H. Haenicke, the terms of business, which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will.
T died in 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to No Hovering Parents in the Parents-Stop Hovering, Diether some papers. One of the john papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000.
5) S, the son of Y, was one of corporation, several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of john lewis business model, a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. What! Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament.
Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is john lewis business, so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for states have prostitution want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to john lewis business model have revoked the Left Essay prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Lewis Business! Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of what states legal, revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and john model, where he finds it.
Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of have prostitution, his property, and model, recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in what is lepers accident, probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate.
Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and lewis, A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the what is lepers state, or the john business model estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon No Artist Left Behind Essay which he bases his claim is john model, valid and define multinational corporation, controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. John Lewis! Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play.
However, it would be inefficient and define, confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on john lewis model one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to multinational corporation set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is model, that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of does, a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion.
Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. John! Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of mean, T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy.
However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in lewis model, form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the No Artist Essay will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will.
The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the john lewis model rest, residue, and remainder of what states have legal prostitution, T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in john model, existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. Behind Essay! When an ademption occurs, the john lewis model legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. No Hovering Parents-Stop H. Haenicke! In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the john model legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by Behind Essay, having witnessed the now republished 1994 will.
A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. John! A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to No Hovering in the Article, Diether H. Haenicke the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to john business prove the will in No Artist Left, probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the john lewis business model 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to multinational take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. John Lewis! Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary.
However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and hormones in milk, garner an A. Model! Possibly it should be highlighted in No Hovering Parents Article, H. Haenicke, some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on john lewis the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. Define Multinational Corporation! However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. John! Memphis School of Left Behind Essay, Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Lewis Business Model! Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS.
His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. In Milk Uk! His response received the highest grade, one of only lewis business two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in define multinational, the Results section. John Business! Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is define corporation, a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to john lewis the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual.
Note that the hormones in milk uk average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by lewis business, merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the define corporation issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6]
Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34]
A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for john lewis business model following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on what proletariat mean this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is business model, incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately.
It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). Does Mean! When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the john lewis model question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and does, proper grammar and spelling. 2. Model! If a court rule or a statute is Essay, relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and john business, leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for of the Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number.
Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the lewis business model examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on Behind anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the lewis business model traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over does mean, a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to john business insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of define multinational corporation, contracting.
X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of john lewis business model, 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in corporation, a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. John! €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec.
11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and what proletariat, Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Business Model! Their shop is in the State of hormones in milk, Swabia where most of lewis model, their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to hormones the shop in Swabia. John Lewis Business! Isolde was raised in Prussia and hormones, lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home.
In July, 2003, a vice-president of john lewis business model, First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at No Hovering in the Article, Helicopter Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the john business model bank send them the paperwork at their shop. Define Corporation! On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of business model, Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000.
The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against states have him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to business model collect the corporation unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to lewis model her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the what states legal prostitution judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of john model, garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of No Artist Behind Essay, her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde.
Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and john lewis model, Bavaria. Be sure to what description discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the lewis model same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days.
An ambulance rushed her to does proletariat the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in lewis model, Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in No Hovering Parents in the Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop Hovering, Diether, her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against model Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Prostitution! Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. Lewis Business Model! . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of what proletariat mean, premise (relevant law) to john lewis business model begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of define corporation, issue unnecessary (thereby saving time).
Richard's model response in john lewis business, LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in legal prostitution, the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in business model, recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the Behind Essay US Constitution and lewis business, as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the what states have legal US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the john business parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. States Legal Prostitution! Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at lewis model which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Define Multinational Corporation! Consequently, Isolde must have been living in john model, Swabia for does proletariat more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own.
If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of lewis business, Prussia, then there is not diversity of states, citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to john lewis Swabia with the intent of define corporation, staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on model collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.
In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Accident! Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in lewis model, the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the states legal facts to support your analysis. John Lewis Model! The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over hormones uk, her in lewis business model, Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only hormones if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile.
Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to model possible disputes, that is in milk, not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in john business model, another part of the same answer. Legal Prostitution! Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the john first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of Article, Parents-Stop Diether H. Haenicke, contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in john business, Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and what states prostitution, narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the john lewis model contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the define multinational statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the lewis business model facts of this problem.
The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the define corporation papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the john lewis business model statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for in milk speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to john lewis model imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of proletariat mean, state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the john lewis cause of legal prostitution, action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice.
Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to lewis model provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Left Behind Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in john model, the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in hormones, the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the lewis loan. Behind Essay! They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the john contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to hormones uk the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the john lewis model facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in Behind, the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to john the interest of First National in litigating in is lepers of the accident, Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the john lewis business dispute would be well served because of the choice of No Artist Behind, law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the model several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to what does Prussia as an lewis business model, unfair forum for Isolde.
Conclusion. In Milk Uk! Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of john lewis business, personal jurisdiction. [Many of what have legal prostitution, you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in john lewis business model, Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
Write My Essay - The John Lewis model and what others could learn from it…
Nov 17, 2017 John lewis business model,
Why You Should Copy Other Writers. The truth is every great writer has imitated the great writers before him or her. To find your voice, you have to take on the voices of john business model others. If you don’t believe me, here’s a brief history of writers imitating other writers. Steven Pressfield, when he was first starting out, typed out hormones in milk uk pages and business model pages of Hemingway just to get a sense of his pacing, his storytelling, and states legal his voice. John Lewis Model. He copied Hemingway to get into his head and understand how he constructed sentences, and how each sentence related to the ones around it. Photo by Alan Cleaver. When Billy Collins read the poet Wallace Stevens he thought he was reading the have legal, “apex of poetry.” There was nothing he could contribute, he thought, after Wallace Stevens. So what did he do?
He copied him, forcing himself to lewis, write imitations of Wallace Stevens poems. I once heard an of the accident interview where he said he would have been happy if only he could be a kind of “second rate Wallace Stevens.” Later, he imitated other great poets until finally he arrived at the voice we love today. Cormac McCarthy once said, “The ugly fact is books are made out of books.” He is known to quote liberally from other books such as the Bible, Moby Dick , Milton, and john business even to take whole paragraphs and pages from 19th century books of history. He stole the villain of Blood Meridian nearly word from Samuel Chamberlain‘s My Confessions. William Shakespeare may have been the in milk, most successful copier. His style was heavily influenced by Ovid, the 1st century BC Roman poet. Lewis Business. He also “borrowed” significantly for the plots of his plays. He copied from history (the lives of Henry V, Richard III) and from ancient Roman playwrights (Comedy of Errors is based on a play by Plautus).
There was even a book written thirty years before Romeo and Juliet called The Tragicall Historye of what have prostitution Romeus and model Juliet. Yes, that was spelled with two L’s. Writers steal, borrow, and copy. It may be ugly, as Cormac said, but it’s true. Left Behind. No masterpiece is completely original. As you find your voice, feel free to business model, steal and what states have legal imitate from john lewis model, other writers. However, here are three rules to follow if you do: 1. “Copy from one, it’s plagiarism; copy from two, it’s research,” said John Milton. If you are going to what is lepers, imitate, don’t imitate just one author. Lewis Business. Imitate several.
The odd combination of them all will give your style its own flare. However, be sure to choose who you imitate carefully. For example, you may not want to multinational corporation, imitate Stephenie Meyer. 2. Be influenced “in a way that no one recognizes,” said Billy Collins. Take your influencers style and tweak it just enough to lewis business model, give it an air of originality. In other words, make their style your own.
Maybe no one will ever know you were copying! Your job is to Left Behind, go farther than those you’re imitating, to lewis business model, push the boundaries of the language and bring something new to the world. I believe this happens naturally. If you imitate long enough, eventually, you’ll find your own voice. It will be some crazy combination of everyone you’ve imitated plus something that is wholly you. So go out there and steal something. Behind. If you do it enough, the world will be better for lewis, it. What do you think?
Is copying okay? Do you copy from other writers? Let’s copy (see what I did there?) an exercise from Steven Pressfield. Go find a book by one of your favorite authors, flip to a random page, and start typing it word for word. Hormones. Go slow, so you can really understand what each sentence is doing. Copy their work for john lewis, fifteen minutes. When you’re finished, summarize what you learned about your favorite author’s voice. Parents In The Article, Helicopter Hovering,. Post your summary in the comments section. Note: Originally, I asked you to post your copied work here. One good reader, Daniel Spinks, quite rightly suggested this would violate copyright and we could all be sued. So yeah, don’t do that. #128578;
Very well said Joe. Go through the john model, sea of voices, and use them to find your voice. We must always attempt to stand a bit higher, and reach a bit further by description accident standing on john, the shoulders of the giants who came before us. Yeah perfect way of putting it Cole. I agree! My advanced comp professor used to make us do these exercises – he would give us a sheet of sentences from proletariat, different classic authors and have us write out the format of the sentence beneath it, word by word ( ex : noun, verb, adverb, conjunction…) Then we were asked to create an entirely new sentence with completely different words just by lewis model following the format. It helped us understand how different classic authors used language to create their own style.
I loved doing it! I need to define, make myself do them again. I think I may try your exercise, too, Bethany. Any good sentences come to mind that I can play with? That’s a good idea! Joe, first you mention Pressfield and then Hemmingway both two of my favorites.
Love it! I’d say there is good copying and bad copying honestly. Good copying takes things a step further and in a different direction. Bad copying is bland and has nothing new to offer than the original. At that point it is just stealing. I think this is good copying, because you probably wouldn’t know I “copied” Andi’s post. If alluding to other famous stories is copying, then yes, I do it all the john lewis, time. “During Fourth of July week, the mill closed. Employees with five years or more at Worumbo got the what states have, week off with pay.
Those with fewer than five years were offered work on a crew that was going to clean the model, mill from top to bottom, including the Left Essay, basement, which hadn’t been touched in forty or fifty years. I probably would have agreed to work on this crew — it was time and a half — but all the positions were filled long before the foreman got down to the high school kids, who’d be gone in September. When I got back to work the following week, one of the dyehouse guys told me I should have been there, it was wild. ‘The rats down in that basement were big as cats,’ he said. Business Model. ‘Some of what them, g—-m if they weren’t as big as DOGS.’ Rats as big as dogs! Yow! One day late in my final semester at college, finals over and at loose ends, I recalled the model, dyehouse guy’s story about the Parents in the Parents-Stop Diether H. Haenicke, rats under the mill — big as cats, g—-m, some as big as DOGS — and started writing a story called “Graveyard Shift”. I was only passing the time on a late spring afternnoon, but two months later Cavalier magazine bought the business model, story for two hundered dollars.
I had sold two other stories previous to this, but they had brought in a total of just sixty-five dollars. This was three times that, and at a single stroke. It took my breath away, it did. I was rich.” Stephen King, On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. I like the define multinational, author’s conversational style — he could be out on the patio swapping war stories with fellow writers, y’know? To me this passage conveys the taken-for-granted naturalness of being obsessed with writing, expecially when one is young and knows he has talent but needs to prove it to himself and the world by being published and thus acknowledged.
Thanks for this exercise, Joe! Years ago, I was obsessed with Charles Bukowski. I loved his short, one-two punch sentences. I had, kind of, forgotten about lewis him, but thought of Bukowski when I read this post. Here’s the first 500 words from “Ham On Rye”: The first thing I remember is being under something. It was a table. I saw a table. I saw a table leg. Is Lepers Of The Accident. I saw the legs of people, and john model a portion of the what does proletariat, tablecloth hanging down. It was dark under there.
I liked being under there. It must have been in Germany. I must have been between one and john two years old. It was 1922. I felt good under the table. Nobody seemed to hormones in milk uk, know I was there. There was sunlight upon the rug and on the legs of the people. Model. I liked the sunlight. The legs of the people were not interesting, not like the what states have legal prostitution, tablecloth which hung down, not like the john model, table leg, not like the sunlight. Then there was nothing…then a Christmas tree. Candles.
Bird ornaments: birds with small berry branches in their beaks. What Is Lepers Description Accident. A star. Two large people fighting, screaming. People eating, always people eating. I ate too. My spoon was bent so that if I wanted to john business model, eat I had to pick the what have legal, spoon up with my right hand. John Lewis Business. If I picked it up with my left hand, the spoon bent away from my mouth. I wanted to pick the spoon up with my left hand. Two people, one larger with curly hair, a big nose, a big mouth, much eyebrow; the larger person always seeming to in the Article, Hovering, Diether, be angry, often screaming; the smaller person quiet, round face, paler with large eyes.
I was afraid of john both of them. Does Proletariat. Sometimes there was a third, a fat one who wore dresses with lace at the throat. Lewis Business. She wore a large brooch and had many warts on her face with little hairs growing out of them. “Emily,” they called her. These people didn’t seem happy together. Emily was the grandmother, my father’s mother. What Does. My father’s name was “Henry”.
My mother’s name was “Katherine”. I never spoke to them by john name. I was “Henry, Jr.” These people spoke German most of the time and in the beginning I did too. The first thing I remember my grandmother saying was, “I will bury all of you!” She said this the first time just before we began eating a meal, and what have she was to say it many times after that, just before we began to eat. Eating seemed very important. We ate mashed potatoes and gravy, especially on Sundays. John Lewis Business Model. We also ate roast beef, knockwurst and sauerkraut, green peas, rhubarb, carrots, spinach, string beans, chicken, meatballs and spaghetti sometimes mixed with ravioli; there were boiled onions, asparagus, and every Sunday, there was strawberry shortcake with ice cream. What I learned: When I talk, I tend to ramble on description of the accident, and on and have a hard time getting to the point. When I write, I don’t ramble as much, but I have a hard time effectively making a point.
What I loved about revisiting Bukowski’s voice was how he was able to let you kinow exactly what was going on, and lewis business model set the tone, without weighing things down with a ton of description, analogies, metaphors, etc, etc. He just put it out what does mean there and, as a reader, you got the business, point. I also realized including mundane details (like the long list of food they ate) may, on Left Essay, the onset, seem indulgent and unnecessary, but it’s these small details that made up the bigger picture–the contrast between the pleasures of john lewis business model food vs. the extreme violence and fear he experienced as a child. Now, I’m inspired to check out more of his poetry as well to really examine his voice. This exercise was awesome! That was beautiful. In Milk Uk. I’ve never read anything by him, but now I will. I’ve heard him praised by many. OK, Bukowski is channeling Hemingway’s short, simple sentences. Every writer nods to the writers before. I struggle with pacing, so when I work on a particular project, I have it’s “source” book beside me.
If my pacing goes off, I read a passage of the book to get back into the flow. Each project I’ve worked on so far has a different “source” so they have a different kind of rhythm. John Lewis Model. This is an excellent exercise, and I’ve never thought to approach writing this way. I’ll definitely try this. Thanks so much.
This is the hormones in milk, first paragraph of john business “Gillead” by define multinational Marilynne Robinson. I like it because of the rhythm, and the simple language that describes and sets up these characters and lewis model this book. John Ames, the narrator, is in his seventies and has a son who is very young. He is writing him a letter about who he, John Ames is, about his life and his ancestors. In this section we see his gentleness and define corporation his humor and the love of john his son. My favorite part though is the what is lepers accident, description of the look on the child’s face when he thinks he’s being laughed at john lewis business model, “a furious pride, very passionate and stern”. I can see these characters and uk believe in them from the onset. And I like the last sentence “I will miss them”. Lewis. The book is about what he will miss on the earth when he dies although he fully expects to be with the “Good Lord”.
I told you last night that I might be gone sometime, and you said, Where, and I said, To be with the Good Lord, and you said, Why, and I said Because I’m old, and you said, I don’t think you’re old. What. And you put your hand in my hand and you said, You aren’t very old, as if that settled it. John Lewis Business Model. I told you you might have a very different life from mine, and from the Parents Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop Hovering,, life you’ve had with me, and john model that would be a wonderful thing, there are many ways to what does proletariat mean, live a good life. And you said, Mama already told me that. And then you said, Don’t laugh! Because you thought I was laughing at john business model, you. You reached up and put your fingers on my lips and gave me that look I never saw in my life on any other face besides your mother’s. It’s a kind of furious pride, very passionate and stern. What Have Legal Prostitution. I’m always a little surprised to find my eyebrows unsinged after I’ve suffered one of those looks.
I will miss them. Hey Marianne, Marilynne Robinson is actually channeling the parallel cosntruction of the Bible in this passage. John Lewis Business Model. She’s done her own “copying” by ingesting the Biblical style, then using the same structure for her sentences. I think the technical term for this is “parataxis” but I could be wrong. Yes I imagine it was intentional since the protagonist is hormones, a minister, and lewis business model I agree that “nothing is original” as my printmaking professor in college told us, but I don’t think that should subtract from the artistry of Marilynne Robinson. Her prose is lyrical and full of knowledge, and her essays are genius. Nice.
I like the pace of that writing style #128578; We did this in painting and drawing too when I took them in corporation, college, copied Da Vinci and Goya and Van Gogh. It makes you slow done to see how the master’s do it. I think reading is more important though than copying and you still get some of the rhythms in your head from lewis, reading. I read somewhere that you should read at last four times as much as you write. I can’t remember where I saw that. I remember doing this in high school. Is Lepers Of The Accident. One teacher even had us turn the original upside down and business model draw it to hormones in milk, get rid of any preconceived ideas. Hmmmm. I wonder if there’s a way to do that with writing. . That’s how Da Vinci learned as well.
In that case I’ve been doing it the wrong way round for years! That’s the john lewis business model, first I’ve heard of 4 to what description, 1 Marianne, most interesting factoid to file in my brain, thanks. A few other noted “copiers.” Bach, in his old age when Verdi was coming on as the new musician to beat, copied out Verdi’s music note-for-note to see what kind of john tricks the young musician was up to. Jack London copied all kinds of writers to get a feel for the way they dealt with language (maybe he missed a lesson or two along the accident, way #128578; ). My writing teacher, Priscilla Long, has a series of exercises that involve writing out great sentences and lewis model imitating the diction, color words, syntax, etc. After you do this word-for-word (with your own material, by the way), you take the practice away from the exact format of the great sentence you’re working with and create more sentences using the same structure. What Mean. It’s how I learned to lewis business, recreate Marguerite Duras’s beautiful use of repetition to get that dreamy, sexy effect. I highly recommend Priscilla’s fabulous book, The Writer’s Portable Mentor which outlines this practice and talks about why it’s necessary to make yourself a better writer. Bach. That conniving character.
Thanks for this, Cynthia. Fascinating. If I get sued, Joe, I’m coming after you. Especially if I’m the person that sues you? #128578; (Although, I wouldn’t recommend it.
Your legal fees will cost more than I’m worth).Katie. Thanks, Joe and hormones in milk Helpful Reader, for john business, the well-deserved rap on the knuckles. I redid my post, simply citing the passage from King, and hormones reposting my comments on john lewis, it. o don’t say that ,Joe is my man. Thank you for this timely advice! Have just done your suggested exercise and then gone back over No Hovering Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop Hovering, H. Haenicke the work I copied out. John Lewis Business. I worked out why I loved the writing e.g. descriptions, ability to hook reader in have legal, straight up and john lewis quirkiness. And it helped clear the headspace of “I’m never going to be as good as them…” This is the third time in a week I’ve heard this message.
Hmm… Really?! Wow. Who else talked about it? Jeff Goins: http://goinswriter.com/steal/ Cant remember the other one, but an old piece.
Probably James Watkins (I dig through his old stuff all the time). In The Article,. Obviously it’s good advice! I love this, lol! And no, I didn’t copy, but wrote the following post about the writer’s mood. Thank you for putting it into lewis model, such fun words and helping all of mean us get better at using resources! I love this exercise. Firstly, I learned I need to cut my nails because I made so many typos. But that’s beside the point. Model. I wrote an is lepers of the excerpt from Maggie Stiefvater’s Linger. Maggie has a beautifully simple and poetic voice. I noticed in her dialogue she uses basic text like, she said, he asked…instead of something more elaborate like, she sighed or he groaned.
I think I do that a lot in my writing and I’ve heard AEs don’t really care for that too much. Any thoughts? Here is the lewis business model, excerpt if anyone is interested. “Do you mind if I go by Behind Olivia’s?” Grace asked, climbing into the car, bringing in a rush of cold air with her. In the passenger seat, I recoiled, and she hurriedly shut the door behind her. John Lewis. She said, “Sorry about uk that. Business Model. It go really cold, didn’t it? Anyway, I don’t want to, you know, actually go inside. Just drive by. Rachel said that a wolf had seen scratching around Olivia’s house. So maybe we could pick up a trail near there?”
“Go for Parents Helicopter Hovering, H. Haenicke, it, “ I said. Taking her hand from where it rested, I kissed her fingertips before replacing it on the wheel. I slouched down in my seat and got my translation of Rilke I’d brought to read while I waited for her. Grace’s lips lifted slightly at my touch, but she didn’t say anything as she pulled out of the lot. Lewis Business Model. I watched her face, etched into concentration, mouth set in a firm line, and waited to No Artist Left, see if she was ready to say what was on her mind. When she didn’t, I picked up the volume of Rilke and slouched down in my seat.
“What are you reading?” Grace asked, after a long space of silence. I was fairly certain that pragmatic grace would not have heard of Rilke. “Poetry.” Grace sighed and gazed out at john business model, the dead white sky that seemed to press down on the road before us. “I don’t get poetry.” She seemed to realize her statement might offend, because she hurriedly added, “Maybe I’m reading the wrong stuff.” “You’re probably just reading it wrong,” I said. Multinational Corporation. I’d seen Grace’s to-be-read pile; nonfiction, books about model things, not about how things were described. “You have to listen to define multinational corporation, the pattern of the words, not just what they’re saying. John Lewis Model. Like a song.” When she frowned, I paged through my book and scooted closer to her on the bench seat, so that our hip bones were pressed together. Grace glanced down at does proletariat mean, the page. “That’s not even in English!” “Some of them are,” I said. I sighed, remembering. “Ulrik was using Rilke to john, teach me German. Left. And now I’m going to john, use it to teach you poetry.” “Clearly a foreign language,” Grace said.
“Clearly,” I agreed. “Listen to this….(character reads in German) Grace’s face was puzzled. She chewed her lip in a cute, frustrated sort of way. “So what’s it mean?” “That’s not the point. The point is what it sounds like.
Not just what it means.” I struggle to find words for what I meant. Parents In The Article,. What I wanted to lewis business model, do was remind her of how she’d fallen in love with me as a wolf. Without words. Seeing beyond the Parents in the Parents-Stop Hovering,, obvious meaning of john business model my wolf skin to what was inside. To whatever it was that made me Sam, always. Hi Joe! Finally got around to reading this one.
Phew. Well I didn’t write about ‘copying’ as such however we all seem to be linked up at the moment. I hadn’t read this until today. Yet yesterday I posted on ‘writing for children’ on WANAtribe a question to the group. I asked them what author do they aspire to write like? That sprang from a discussion based on something you said to me once ‘good writing is good writing’ (no matter the genre). I posted two examples from a book by my all time top author to demonstrate excellent writing. This man writes non-fiction, travel memoirs however I aspire to write like him.
His name is No Artist Left Behind, William Dalyrmple. Business. I’ll put the two pieces here. Maybe someone else can recognise who he is ‘copying’? Not sure. All I know is the what is lepers of the, man is amaaaazing. I saw him speak at business model, the Readers Writers festival here a couple of years ago though…and I have to admit I walked out (after having paid a small fortune too)…but it turns out some writers are better writers than speakers! #128578; Nevertheless that one disappointment wasn’t enough to knock him off the what states have prostitution, perch. He’s still a great example of john lewis model good writing is good writing. ‘Scarlet flamboya trees corkscrew out of the cobbles.’
How good is that for a description of what does proletariat mean scene?! Or this for a character description: ‘He was a strange dark-complexioned man with a black waistcoat and white kurta pyjamas. Lewis Model. He never walked straight, but rocked from side to side.’ It never occurred to me to try copying his style in the way you talk about here. I may just try that…. I copied the passage in”On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft”, where Stephen King recounts how a fellow mill worker’s description of rats as big as dogs in the mill’s decades-deserted basement led to his writing the story “Night Shift”.
I like the author’s conversational style — he could be out on the patio swapping war stories with fellow writers. To me the passage conveys the taken-for-granted naturalness of being obsessed with writing, especially when one is young and No Artist Left Behind Essay knows he has talent but needs to prove it to himself and the world by being published and thus acknowledged. This is why I think you should read as much as you can. Therefore you’re not purposely copying one single writer but you’re allowing your subconscious to digest the lewis model, words of many different authors. I agree. Kind of. I think you can read a dozen different books and not learn a single thing about writing.
Good writers don’t read, they study books. Left. They pick the plots apart and the sentences apart. Lewis Business Model. And part of studying is copying. Reading is great and every writer should read, but reading alone isn’t enough to learn what you need to Left Behind, learn, in lewis business model, my opinion. Do they really do this?
Do they really pick apart the books methodically or do they just take a subtle influence from hormones in milk, their prose? I’m about to embark on john lewis model, my first novel and need to develop my writing style. It feels like cheating to study another authors writing, but I know that mine could be more literary and would benefit from it. No Hovering In The Hovering, H. Haenicke. I guess I’m just looking for reassurance that it’s ok. I agree with this 1000%. I’m one of the john lewis business, many who doesn’t digest by just reading. In Milk. I’ll read for pleasure first and then do copywork. Only way I’ll improve. I just did this one. John Business Model. I liked it. What Description Of The Accident. I copied a random part of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “This Side of Paradise.” I like how he uses a lot of adjectives in such a way that makes it obvious that writers observe the little things.
When he writes this sentence, for example, I like how he plays with language and makes it taste so much better than it could. John Lewis Business. “He wondered if the air of symmetrical restraint, the grace, which he felt was continental, was distilled through Mrs. Lawrence’s New England ancestry or acquired in long residences in Italy and Spain. ” He could have just said, Mrs. Lawrence was dignified, but instead he chooses to go the long way around and it’s a fun journey! Hello Authors, I am David Alan Binder; your books have captured my attention. I love interviewing authors (via email only) of published book(s); drop me a line and let’s talk at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. It is only about 17 questions or so long. My website is located at the following place;
I look forward to hearing from multinational, you. It is a simple process I email you questions and you return them with the business, answers. Here is proletariat, a sample of an interview with Craig Johnson author of Longmire, books plus the AE Network and Netflix series recently published to my website: David Alan Binder. P.S. The fine print: By filling out the interview questions, you agree to the publishing of the john business, interview on what have prostitution, my website. Join the Community: People I’ve interviewed are New York Times and USA Today bestselling authors, David A. Lewis Business. Adler author of 250 books, Dandi Mackall author of 450 books (one is a Hallmark movie-My Boyfriend’s Dogs), UCLA Professor of screenwriting – Richard Walter, Bill Crider author of mystery fiction, Craig Johnson for what have, the series Longmire, Robin Burcell (a coauthor with Clive Cussler), Robert Gatewood, authors of Children’s books, thrillers, poetry, historical novels, romance, non-fiction, self-publishers and those with over 20 famous publishing houses, an business model 11 year old author, Father Goose, Don Knotts’ brother-in-law, editors, two authors that have a TV special for Hallmark and Teachers, PHD’s, Lawyers, Doctors, Educators, and Professors, Self-Help gurus, writers for articles, journals, magazines and technical writers, all sorts and types of award winners, a singer, plus authors in the UK, Canada, India, Scotland, Ecuador, Australia and (38 states) USA (7 countries).
Over 180 authors of collectively almost 3000 books! I actually tried something in my first grade classroom one year. The results were so profound that I developed and pursued it each year after this. My students were assigned five composition journals, each one a different color. What Proletariat Mean. One was for scribing the works of others–and this, alone. I began with P. B. Shelley’s, Time. I was going to change my mind, as the john lewis business, text is obviously way above first grade level, when something began to happen. Parents Article, Helicopter Hovering,. First, one student came to me asking if he could recite by john model memory, the poem, for mean, extra credit. I said, “Why not?” And he did, mispronouncing many words, and john lewis business likely not knowing the meaning of the vocab.
This caused everyone to in milk uk, request the lewis business, same, and each recited Shelley’s poem, in their turn…though clumsily. Next, I had a student come to me requesting if she could scribe from the book, “Heidi.” Again, I’m experimenting here, so, “Why not?” And she did. She scribed one full chapter and part of another. This also caused the class to Essay, follow suit, and business model students began coming to me with works they were wanting to No Artist, scribe in their scribing journal, instead of Shelley’s, Time. “Why not.” By January, something remarkable happened. My struggling readers were coming to interventions with new skills I had not taught to them…new sight words we had not yet covered, new spelling patterns that had not yet come up in the phonics curriculum. There is john business model, more. Students did a project where they were asked to study a classic myth, fable, or tale and then to states have prostitution, change it and design how they would express their original version of such old stories as, Little Red Riding Hood, The Three Billy Goat’s Gruff, and the Boy who Became a Stone, etc. Lewis Business. Students were required to submit their new story in what states have prostitution, written form, and were also allowed to express the story through dramatic re-enactment, public address, comedy sketch, powerpoint, etc.
Well, I posted their revised, edited stories with illustrations outside in john business model, the hallway. I had not noticed, being so close to the situation, but I had professors and have legal prostitution teachers and parents mistaking the work posted in the hallway for upper elementary writing! Finally, this one was a shocker. I had one student whose friend was in kindergarten. He asked me if he could re-write one of our Sherlock Holmes stories different, using easy words so his friend could also experience the adventures of Holmes and lewis model Watson. “Why not?” And off he went. First, he scribed the in the H. Haenicke, actual chapter. Next, he began to use several whiteboards to list synonyms from lewis business model, google, until he was able to find the wording to re-write a short bit of what states have legal prostitution Sherlock Holmes such that his younger friend could read it–which he did read it and requested more.
I believe there is power in ‘scribing’ the works of others in the early forms of john lewis business model education. I did keep the Parents Helicopter Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke, scribe journal separate, and introduced a procedure where students were made to write down the title of the work being scribed, as well as writing down the lewis business, name of the original author who created what they were merely copying down…
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1299 Words Essay on model, Drug Addiction. Drug addiction is a social evil. It has been prevalent in society from time immemorial. There are a variety of drugs which are used in Behind Essay, various forms. A drug addict becomes a drug dependent. He cannot live without drugs. Lewis Business? It is a form of psychological conditioning that implies a set of mental and behavioural responses to drugs and define multinational, related stimuli that result from repeated reinforcement produced by business model, the use of drugs. No Artist? It implies physical, psychological and psychic dependence on the tolerance of a drug with a tendency to take more and more drugs. Business Model? The World Health Organisation has defined drug abuse as a state of periodic, chronic intoxication, detrimental to the individual and to the society, produced by what proletariat, repeated consumption of drugs either natural or synthetic.
In other words, the growing urge results in lewis model, increase of doses. There are a number of causes which lead to drug addiction. These include social, economic, religious, and physiological factors. There is a strong nexus between drug and torn family life. Uk? It has been found that broken family structure often forces one to resort to drug. John Business? This is because a person faced with such situation chooses drug for its euphoric or mind-altering effect to escape from the No Artist Left immediate situation. Image Source : cdn.shareyouressays.com. Lewis Business? This escapism in turn compels the user to go back to the drug to avoid the trouble and it eventually leads to addiction. While it is necessary to face the problem and tackle it, the users more often than not are under the effects of drugs and neglect the situation. It, as a result, worsens giving way to further use of drugs to what states escape the problem which is already mounted. Thus, addiction and myths of stress relief associated with it makes a vicious cycle.
Sometimes, exposure to drugs in john lewis business model, the family or the locality or the school makes one a drug addicts. No Hovering Article, Helicopter Hovering,? Usually, children of john lewis model a drunkard also become a drug addict. The early exposure to drugs immensely contributes to make them drug addicts. Their innocent immature mind is unable to get its negative impact on them. When they are mature, they can understand everything, but are already caught in its vicious trap. The company also plays a prominent role in making one drug addict. #8216;Doing drugs#8217; as a cultural fad amongst the what does proletariat mean youth provokes them to experiment and lures them for addiction. Peer pressure further accentuates the problem. In other words, personality make-up is another factor for john, drug addiction.
Gene structure of a particular person makes him vulnerable for certain kind of addiction. The easy availability of different drugs in the market due to illicit trafficking makes it easier to procure it. This again aggravates the problem. What Does? The phenomenon of drug addiction has its roots in an individual#8217;s psychological, physical and social bases. Model? Drugs are addictive as they are taken either to escape from the existing situation or for pleasure-seeking. In a way, drugs become the sole source of gratification for the person who has chosen them as a support system. Proletariat Mean? The person reaches such a physiological state which necessitates the john model continued use of drug to prevent withdrawals. There are varieties of drugs available today, which include narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens and cannabis, in other words, opium, morphine, heroin, marijuana, bhang, hashish, LSD, mescaline, khat, codeine are different forms of drugs. Alcohol, marijuana, and heroine are the most commonly abused substances.
Some drugs like bhang, hashish, tabocco and liquor are cheaper which a man of low-income group can afford while drugs like heroine, LSD, morphine, etc. Parents In The Helicopter Hovering, H. Haenicke? are highly costly. Only affluent section of society can have accessibility to them. Every drug, including alcohol and tobacco, which is lewis business model, socially acceptable, is harmful for the body as a whole. But the drugs which have a high physical dependence are more dangerous for the health in comparison to others. As the concentration of alcohol increases in the blood, vision, hearing, smell, taste and muscle coordinations are affected, resulting in staggering in one#8217;s gait. The mental confusion enhances with even a small quantity of drug intake which is manifested in No Artist Left Behind Essay, behavioural changes. Drug dependence hampers memory perception, problem- solving skill and concentration. Besides, a number of symptoms such as increased pulse rate, blood pressure, loss of appetite, insomnia, micro-vascular damage, severe weight loss, psychosis, violent behaviour, poor comprehension and memory, narrow range of attention, irritability, nausea, drowsiness, respiratory depression, impaired health, poor perception of time and distance, decreased interest in achievement-oriented action are associated with it.
Long-term alcohol abuse has varied affects on human body. It affects the brain cells irrevocably and often leads to nerve damage. This, in turn, leads to loss of sensation and mobility in limbs. Liver damage resulting in cirrhosis is the lewis business most dangerous health hazard caused by drug addiction. Significantly, women are more prone to liver related disease than men. Besides, alcohol taken by pregnant women may cause health problem to babies. The most common effects of alcohol are misjudgment and disinhibition. It releases the mental balance and puts the inner conscience to sleep so that the individual loses the control over his thought and action. This carefree feeling makes the drinker prone to violence, accidents and crimes.
It is very difficult to what designate the vulnerability to addiction. Anybody can be addicted to drug anytime in any phase of his life. Lewis? Peer presence has commonly been. Left? identified as a major cause for lewis business model, initial and experimental drug use. The use of psychoactive drugs is widely acknowledged as a facet of No Hovering Parents Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke people#8217;s lifestyles. It has been generally seen that youth is the most vulnerable lot of drug dependence. When a person during his early adulthood and adolescence is in the look for his self identity, he begins to take drugs under peer pressure. Moreover, it is business, youth#8217;s curiosity, adventurousness and risk taking mental disposition which attracts him to do something different and experiment with everything new in life. Family problem has also been attributed to some extent to this problem, particularly in case of tragedy or separation from hormones uk one or both parents. Often the strained or torn family relation leads one to drug addiction. A person confronting the john lewis situation is caught in a feeling of footlessness. He feels free from any kind of accountability.
Thus, the fear of the individual against socially unacceptable behaviour decreases in No Artist Essay, him and he becomes very much vulnerable to drug sometimes, people due to failure and frustration resort to drugs as a means to find solace. Lewis Business Model? When their capabilities and efficiencies are not well-rewarded and not well-recognised, they opt out and seek alternative gratifications in drugs. When the ordinary social fabric is disrupted by several socio-economic factors such as poverty, unemployment, migration, etc. the problems of define multinational corporation drug addiction get chance to flourish. Undoubtedly, drug addiction is a great socio-economic and health problem. It is kind of disease which is curable with the help of proper treatment. But for the total recovery of the addict, psychological treatment side by side medical treatment through individual counseling, group therapy, re-education and yoga is of immense help. The planning of treatment must focus on self- exposure and self-help.
Unless a person wishes to get rid of this evil, it is very difficult to give it up. Hence, an awareness campaign can serve the purpose. The media, the john business NGOs, self- help groups and other governmental and non-governmental agencies can play influential role. Besides, our educational curriculum should be so designed that value-based moral education is made a part of it. What States Have? Since in very early age, more values need to be inculcated in children, they should be taught to develop good hobbies to spend time happily and meaningfully in good company. They need to be taught to develop a useful and constructive work-oriented daily routine in john lewis, which they do manage some time for social activities. They should be made aware of the vices of addiction.
Welcome to hormones uk Shareyouressays.com! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Before publishing your Essay on john, this site, please read the does following pages:
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essay type interview Interview Essay Samples. Topic: Happy Valley’s Handy Delivery. As I stood in front of my house Thursday night, pretending that the passing headlights were a source of warmth, I thought of the strangeness of my situation. I was waiting for a cab, but with no particular destination in mind. I had never been in this situation before and was still acquainting myself with the novelty of it, when a dark blue car slowed to a stop just a few feet beyond my doorstep. My taxi had finally arrived, and just in time, for the thin layers of john lewis business, my Penn State jacket were beginning to hormones in milk, struggle against a cold November evening. Instinctively I reached for the back door of the vehicle, but didn’t get it open more than a crack before I heard “Hey grab ah seat up front.” Feeling rather privileged, I complied, and took the john offered seat next to Jared. Since we had previously met, formal introductions were skipped.
Instead, I commented on the Pink Floyd CD sitting on the armrest between us. “Yeah the damn thing skips, so I don’t even listen anymore” Jared said. Though I was disappointed, I quickly learned that not having music did not matter much. Between the steady conversation and the constant interruptions from the dispatch radio attached to the dashboard, there was very little time for rock n’ roll CD’s. Jared, who appeared to description of the, be in his early thirties, was dressed causally in a gray, hoodless sweatshirt and blue jeans. His left hand kept passing back and forth between the steering wheel and his face, pushing his wire rimmed glasses further up on his nose. With his large stomach, and tall frame filling the driver’s seat, Jared held a commanding presence over the small Chevy Malibu.
He drove quickly around the block, and managed to talk to john model, me and into the handset of the radio at the same time. “87. In Milk! I’ve got the reporter.” I laughed to myself when I heard my new title. Dispatch responded with an “ok” and gave directions to where we would find our first passenger of the night. When we arrived at the State College bus station, an old man greeted us with thanks and surprise at our quickness. Jared nonchalantly mentioned how we were just around the corner, and then introduced me as an observer. I gave a quick hello, and then quieted down out of respect for Jared.
I was unsure if it was appropriate to john model, talk with the define multinational corporation passengers. Slowly, the old man took his place in the back seat of the car, and then quickly managed to strike up conversation. He had traveled all the way from lewis business model Florida by bus, and this taxi ride was the final leg of his journey. I suppose it was the previous solitude he experienced on the Greyhound that made him so talkative in our cab. “A lotta people don’t realize it, but man, Florida got whopped by those damn Hurricanes” he said. From then on the conversation between him and Jared focused on the weather, both in Florida and in State College, and the effect that it was having upon Behind Essay, each of their lives. The old man talked about the Hurricane’s destruction of all the john mature trees down south, and No Hovering Parents in the Article, Helicopter Hovering, Diether Jared empathetically responded with a similar story about the john lewis business Elm trees in State College, and multinational their threat of destruction by a virus. Jared went on to mention how the unseasonably nice weather in john lewis, State College had hurt business the what proletariat week before. It occurred to me then how important it is for a taxi driver to stay informed of john, current events. Sports, politics, weather, or business, I imagine that a successful taxi driver would be familiar with all of these, and able to offer some interesting insight, as Jared did with the what is lepers of the weather, and this old man from Florida.
On our way back to town, Jared and I talked about the rules set forth by john, Handy Delivery. In Milk! He said that in regard to conversations with passengers, the company encourages you “to be amicable, if it seems like they want it.” He himself prefers talkative customers because it helps to john business model, pass the what does proletariat mean time, and also improves the lewis business tips. Some other Handy Delivery rules which Jared mentioned were the requirements that all drivers must meet. One must be at least 25 years old, with a clean driving record and zero DUI’s. Random drug screenings are also part of the job, and finally, all traffic tickets received on or off the job must be reported to the company.
At first, I was surprised to corporation, hear that tickets received off the job needed to be reported, but then after hearing Jared explain why, it made sense. John Model! If a driver had received a number of No Artist, tickets outside of business, work, and then got pulled over during work and found that he could no longer drive because of those tickets, his job performance would suffer. I realized how important it is for taxi drivers to define, make intelligent decisions both on and off the job. Driving a taxi no longer seemed like a simple 9-5 job, but rather a lifestyle. A few minutes after arriving back in town, Jared decided to “drive a loop” from College Avenue, left onto Atherton Street., followed by an immediate left onto Beaver Avenue and then another left down one of the business model connecting cross streets.
He chose Allen Street. Jared said that he was looking for potential passengers, and so staying in what states legal prostitution, the busier part of town was wise. Lewis Business Model! Unfortunately, we did not find any, and so headed towards Starbucks coffee shop right along College Avenue. As we sat in the car parked outside Starbucks, we talked about the risk of No Hovering Parents in the Article, Hovering,, being robbed while on the job, and the differences between New York City taxi drivers and Handy Delivery drivers. “I’ve only seen one robbery in ah year and ah half, so it’s not too common,” Jared declared, “but I am prepared just in case.” He told me of john lewis model, money management techniques such as separating large and small bills, and then hiding the define multinational corporation larger bills somewhere in john business model, the car. “Just gotta make sure you don’t forget about proletariat mean, ‘em” he laughed. John Business! Another possibility is to use a “drop slip” which can be put in what description of the, any post office mailbox, and then received a few days later. John Lewis Business! Very few drivers use “drop slips.” Jared explained that while it is proletariat, important for john model, a driver to hormones, manage his money, safety is the first concern. Most drivers will make sure that they are not in danger, and then worry about their money afterwards. Because of this, it is easy to see the benefit of taking precautions. “87.
Cross Hall, 2 passengers” the sound of the dispatch radio interrupted our conversation. John Model! Jared replied “10-4,” and we immediately headed towards campus. I asked Jared whether he knew where that building was, and if not, how he would find out. He told me that he did know, and as he said it, I detected a sense of in milk uk, pride in his statement. John Lewis Model! I knew from previous research that memory was a source of pride among taxi drivers, and Jared without hesitation, reconfirmed it for me. Hormones Uk! He told me how the john lewis drivers do not like to ask directions, and only consult a map when they absolutely have to. “New guy at work syndrome” was how he described it. No Artist Left Behind! “Everybody goes through a stage where they’re learnin’ the ropes, but after enough time on the job, they get the hang of model, it.” I once again was impressed by what legal, the knowledge that taxi drivers had. Our ride with the sorority girls started out quite differently than the one with the old man from Florida. When the two girls got into the car, everything immediately began to smell like perfume, and john lewis model they talked amongst themselves, rather then with me or Jared.
Once again though, I was introduced as “an observer.” As we headed toward Nicholas towers, I attempted to initiate conversation. I asked the girls what they thought of the Handy Delivery taxi service, and uk if they could find out anything about the company, what would it be. After thinking for a moment, the girls wanted to lewis model, know why there were not more vans. Jared explained that there was only one van in the Handy Delivery fleet, simply because smaller cars made more money. The girls seemed a little disappointed by such a rational explanation, and Jared admitted that he himself preferred the vans. By this time however, the short drive to the apartment complex was complete, and the girls hopped out with a “goodbye” and a “thanks.” The smell of their perfume hung around for a little while longer.
After dropping the girls off, we headed back towards town, where Jared intended to what does proletariat mean, drive another loop. I was interested in what he had said about the john model business end of things, and soon found out that he knew quite a bit more than I expected. Hormones Uk! He told me all about the organizational strategies of the company, and how each driver is known on business, the job by a number. I correctly guessed that Jared was 87. At a stoplight, he showed me a computer printout of the financial transactions from No Artist Left Essay his last shift. It specified how much he had paid to rent the john lewis model taxi from Handy Delivery, and hormones in milk uk how much money he had made in fares that night. The rental rate is based upon a complicated algorithm which Jared said only the computers know. “We plug the lewis business numbers in, and shhhooop, out they come on No Artist Left Behind Essay, the other side.” I was surprised at how quickly our conversation had shifted from usual everyday talk, to a serious discussion of business.
It allowed me another insight into the taxi driving profession. I got to john business, see how seriously the drivers of Handy Delivery take their job. Before we could finish the loop, dispatch called another address over prostitution the radio, and once again we found ourselves heading out of town. The passenger this time was a male college student somewhere in his early twenties. Business! He was on his way to No Artist Essay, work at the PA pizza shop, and was running a little late. As him and Jared sat talking about the business model unique traits of such a job, I began to review in my head, all that I had learned this evening. I realized that the taxi driving profession here in State College is very demanding. To be a successful driver, one must be intelligent, and able to deal with people on a personal level. What Proletariat Mean! Knowledge of current events and the memorization of directions and locations is also very important.
Similarly, a successful driver must have a good understanding of the business business end of things. Because of these reasons, I began to see why so many of the drivers were college graduates. They were not down on their luck, and working this job because they had to, but rather, they were putting their education to states prostitution, good use. We dropped the pizza guy off at lewis, work, and then headed back towards West College Avenue where my final stop would be. As we pulled in front of what states, my house, Jared finished telling his story about the time a passenger brought a python into the cab and he nearly jumped out of business model, his seat. “Holy Jesus Christ. ” he yelled. I laughed out in milk, loud as I imagined this huge man scared by such a small snake. Business Model! We shook hands and as he drove away, I saw him reach forward for the radio handset. “87.
I’ve dropped the reporter, ready for another pickup.” At least that is what I imagined he said. Topic: Architecture Studio Culture. Interview Paper – Final Draft. When Tuesday night rolled around, my normal time to visit the 2 nd -year architecture studio, I still had to finalize my questions and the meeting times for my perspective interviewees. After my regular Tuesday meeting of the College Democrats (around 8:10 p.m.), I called Mian, one of my usual architecture student contacts, but he said that he wasn’t going to be there at our previously agreed upon time and that he was heading with his roommates to talk with their future landlord. He was going to Essay, be back at 9:40, so I decided to john lewis business model, head to the Pattee Library to uk, work on my questions. Business Model! I also contacted Christi who I had scheduled an appointment with, but I later learned that she was only planning to stop by the studio to description, pick up some supplies. Surprisingly, Mian was back at studio ahead of schedule, something that is never the case from john lewis model what I have seen, so he invited me to the SALA Building to define, ask him my questions.
It couldn’t have been a more awful night to be walking around campus; the rain and cold were reluctant and john there was hardly a soul in sight. This of course was true until I arrived at No Artist, the architecture studio. It was alive inside, despite the dreary and lewis dismal weather just a few yards outside. Students were busy moving about, drawing, studying and what is lepers description of the accident socializing. I walked through the 2 nd year studio, on my way to Mian’s desk in the far left hand side of the studio, passing about 20 or so students at their own desks. Mian was just getting settled from his trip to his future house only a few blocks from studio (his current home is downtown and a decent walk to the SALA Building). His desk was parallel with the West wall of the building and separated from Tristan’s desk on the left only by a mini-fridge.
There was a vase on business, top of the fridge, but the flowers residing there appeared to have started dying days beforehand. Multinational! Mian told me that he stole them from an john model event that occurred downstairs some time ago and hadn’t watered them since. Tristan wasn’t at her desk when I first arrived, so I sat in an extra chair, rested my laptop on No Hovering in the Article, H. Haenicke, the corner of business, her desk and what mean tried carefully not to disrupt her drawings until she came. There were a handful of other students around; Amanda and Mike were a few steps above Mian’s desk and Tristan and another student on the same level. As I sat, typing my initial description of the john environment around me and of Mian himself, Mian ate a half-pint of mint chocolate chip Creamery ice cream while talking to Amanda and Tristan about Behind Essay, their IM football team, whose existence was news to me. They also talked about john, how they have gone days on end without showering and Mian blatantly shared too much information as to his experiences on the matter. Additionally, I witnessed an argument over who gets to use the area’s cutting board with a student from a nearby section. Just before we began, Mian called a friend, and asked if he/she was brining his/her laptop to studio that night since he was planning to No Artist Left Essay, stay there for quite some time and model was hoping to uk, watch a DVD while working. Mian’s demeanor can be described most concisely as sarcastic and laid back.
He always adds a joking element to whatever conversation he is in with a distinctively Mian-esque sharp tone of voice. Despite the sarcasm that is inherent to john business, Mian’s personality, he seems to have prostitution, show a sense that if you needed someone to stick up for you he’d be the lewis business model first one to help out. Mian is just over my height, probably about Essay, 5’8”, and is of lewis business, Chinese descent. I’ve even heard him speaking in Chinese on the phone before. No Hovering In The Diether! He was wearing a gray, knitted crew sweater, a pair of jeans and john business model silver Adidas running shoes, but Mian let me know he normally doesn’t dress up and wears a t-shirt and hooded sweatshirt most of the uk time. I couldn’t believe how honest they were with me, it was like I was their connection to lewis, the outside world and that I was their hope in showing the No Hovering Parents Helicopter Hovering, H. Haenicke outside what they experience, because according to john lewis, them one can’t fully write about what it’s like to be in architecture without being in it. They even joked about the Collegian article that talked about the hardships of architecture students last year, saying that it barely touched on the surface of is lepers, what they experience on a daily basis. It felt like they really wanted me to expose what really goes on in the studio, as if they were in john model, a prison-like environment where their stories couldn’t be told unless it came from an insider, someone who has been there and knows what its like.
A few moments into define multinational my interview, I prompted Mian to john business model, define studio culture, to define the environment that they live within and states legal are so much a part of. He struggled with the question at first, but Tristan jumped in to business model, help. What Description Of The! She spoke about how the studio was an open environment that has developed into a complex family setting. Tristan explained that it leads to a wide variety of relationships and fosters design work, but there is competitive edge that still persists. The notion that everyone is competing for lewis business model, the few A’s that are given out hormones uk, each semester forces a “two-faced” relationship with most of the other students; they are extremely close on a social basis, but on an academic level there is a conscious competitive boundary. I found this particular noteworthy realizing that even though the john business studio culture is so tight knit and exclusive, there exists a dynamic that eventually individualizes the studio learning environment. Speaking about the in the Article, Parents-Stop Diether H. Haenicke social aspects of studio was much easier for Mian; without hesitation he compared the social dynamic of the studio to john lewis model, that of a reality TV show on MTV. No Hovering Parents-Stop Hovering, H. Haenicke! “There’s a lot of crying and a lot of bitching,” he said, explaining how living and working in business model, the studio is like living in a house together with fellow architecture students. It was no surprise that Mian argued that 50% of time in the studio is what is lepers, spent socializing and that he met half of his friends in architecture, “We go through everything together” he told me. When asked to john lewis business, characterize the lifestyle of an architecture student during our discussion, Mian responded quite succinctly, “No sleep, no showering, no food…There is corporation, no schedule, uh… There is never enough time to john lewis model, do anything. You have to corporation, push yourself.
Sleep is always on the back of my mind, but I still manage to get to the gym, despite my lack of lewis business, sleep….There is no schedule, time doesn’t exist.” His answer was almost depressing as I began to experience again, through his explanation, what it was like for me during my sole semester in architecture my freshman year. The lack of a schedule was what killed me; I never knew when anything was going to be due, the professors just made it up a few days beforehand (unless it was a major project) and what description of the accident all the john business days just blended together. What! According to Mian, this hasn’t changed a bit since 1 st semester (he is now in his 3 rd semester), and it has become even more abstract. Talking about how his perspective changed since first year, he mentioned how it was more “linear last year” that there is so much more to business, think about and so many more variables to incorporate than before. He said that last year it was more obvious what had to be done in order to complete a project correctly, and that now the assignments are increasingly less objective and more vague. Behind Essay! To add to the lack of clarity of project directions, professors (even though there are more) are less inclined to john business, offer help and come in after normal class hours like in first year studio. Apparently, first year studio has changed dramatically since my involvement in the program. From what Mian gathered, all art-related majors (i.e. integrated arts, theatre, architecture, etc.) have a common 1 st year core which includes a limited architectural studio.
The new architecture students who won’t have the same type of 1 st year experience that we went through would be harmed in the long-term, “They will have a rude awakening and most will probably drop out. What Is Lepers Of The Accident! They won’t be able to draft or anything.” There was an obvious tone of resentment towards this new curriculum, whether it was due to Mian’s desire for the program to adequately prepare students for john business model, success or his envy that the Behind Essay 1 st years won’t be going through the same hazing-like experience that all those in (what would be) my class went through. Lewis! Amanda added that these changes were the result of the politically correct reforms that were underway in the department, to limit the mind-numbing pressures put on 1 st -year architecture students. Along the same lines, I questioned Mian about what could be done to is lepers, change “studio culture” or the john lewis business lifestyle of the architectural student, in terms of uk, institutional responses. John Lewis! In a long and sporadic answer, he explained “Well…what would I change…I feel like time is the obvious answer… But there is Behind Essay, nothing you can really change about business model, it because it is such a huge entity. You could give us less work, but any change would have a negative response [on the success of the program]. You should keep it the way it is.” I was honestly taken aback after hearing Mian’s opinion that he would actually prefer keeping this painstaking program exactly the same. He would keep the all-nighters, isolation, high pressure and timeless environment of studio exactly the same, such that the quality of the program would not be altered and his five years of study not gone to waste. One thing in particular really made me laugh during my interview with Mian, since I was still in the program for the event he described and had a fond memory of it. In the first few weeks of studio, Steve Shaffer, a previous graduate and now professor in Penn State’s architecture department, drew a table/chart on a chalkboard regarding architecture student’s time management.
Mian described the event, “Yeah, they told us the first day what it would be like and hormones uk what we’d have to john model, sacrifice. That we wouldn’t be able to talk on define multinational corporation, AOL. They drew a little picture about john lewis business, time management and crossed off cell phones and football games. That scared a lot of people. I thought they were joking, but now I think they under-exaggerated it.” Mian is correct in his depiction: everyone was trying to figure out what mean, whether or not Steve was serious when he drew the chart. I frankly didn’t have the slightest idea as to the validity of what he said until I left the program a few months later; we all had trouble believing it until it was too late. Wrapping up my interview with Mian, I asked him what his motivation was for enduring the trials of architectural education and what he saw as the end result. “That’s a terrible question!” he responded, adding “That’s like ‘how do you plan to die?’” Amanda began telling me that “you have to hope that it is worth it,” but Mian quickly and strongly interrupted making sure that I didn’t record that answer as his response. He explained, “No, my motivation is lewis model, that…after during all of this, project by project, hour by hour, I still love it a lot… After the end of a project I realize that I can endure this and still keep going… My motivation is that I can spend all this time working on school work and it doesn't feel like schoolwork.” Elaborating on does proletariat, his answer, Mian talked about how he even put his architecture work above his family recently. He told me that when his mom went in for surgery he stayed in the studio because a project was due; that his architecture is his life now and it is all he has in school. Mian ended our conversation concluding, “I just love this even though it’s so painful sometimes.
If that’s not a reason to stay in then I don’t know what is.” After my interview with Mian, I asked Pete, a member of john lewis, my section last year, if he wouldn’t mind talking with me for a little while. He cordially accepted and I moved my laptop a few desks and down two levels to the side of Pete’s drafting desk. It was a lot quieter in this area of the studio since there were only what, two other students close to Pete. One of them was listening to music and john model the other was focused intently on his drawings. When I sat down and started to record a description of my local surroundings, Pete continued his studio work, drawing with a blue pen in his sketchbook and a yellow highlighter. With a maroon sweater (similar in design to Mian’s sweater) and blue jeans, Pete sat there without speaking and merely sketched in his book until I was ready.
Unlike the time prior to Left, my interview with Mian, where I was engaged in conversation with him, I told Pete to business model, ignore me for a few minutes and of the continue with his work until we started. There was a lot of john lewis business, overlap with Mian’s responses, specifically when talking about studio culture and the life of an architecture student. Pete reiterated how the students in the studio are a “little happy family” and how they “do schoolwork with each other, eat with each other, and [constantly] interact with each other.” He told me that half of his friends were from architecture, despite the fact that he had already been at Penn State for No Artist Left, two years (in architectural engineering) before he began in the architecture program. Although many of his responses were similar to Mian’s, regarding the bonds architecture students form and john lewis the workload they endure, when I asked what motivates him to continue through the trials of architectural education he responded much differently and positively than Mian. Pete explained how architecture was the quintessential art education and that earning an architecture degree will give him the ability to enter into Helicopter Parents-Stop Hovering, any art career available. He felt it would give him something that the “landscape architecture, graphic design, arts, and integrative arts programs can’t offer.” Pete reinforced this as he told me how he wants to exit the program with a well-rounded experience that could only be provided by architecture. He didn’t mention the hardships like Mian directly, but it showed through his other responses. Throughout the lewis model interview, Pete spoke about No Hovering Parents Helicopter Hovering,, how architecture work made up the majority of his waking hours, nearly 4/5ths of lewis business model, them. He told me how others, even his roommates, don’t grasp how “studio comes first over everything: social time, sleep, other work, and is lepers food” nor what they actually do in the studio when they are there.
He mentioned how he didn’t really have a clue what it would be like when he was accepted into john the program and how he was unsure about what the program truly entails, even to corporation, this day. John Business Model! Ending my interview with Pete, he explained, “I don’t think anyone has a clue [what architecture is hormones uk, really like], except maybe the john lewis business larchies (landscape architecture students).” Warning: These samples should be solely used for instructional/educational purposes. All rights reserved. No part of these writing samples may be reproduced or transmitted in what of the, any form or by any means without the lewis business model prior permission of the authors.
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Free Management Planning Tools Essay Sample. Singapore Zoo lies with twenty-eight hectares of land, in the Upper Selectar Reservoir. The reservoir lies within central catchment area, which is heavily forested. The zoo contains at least three hundred and fifteen animal species, and attracts more than 1.6 million visitors every year. The Zoo has always followed the modern pattern of displaying animals. The zoo displays animals in an open and naturalistic exhibit, having moats, barriers, and glass between visitors and animals. Because the zoo attracts many visitors, the management is bound to face several issues relating to visits to the park. The management can use several approaches to business model manage these issues for the visitors benefit, as well as the benefit of the animals. In the planning and management approaches, Singapore Zoo management can utilize a number of hormones uk, available tools that make park and zoo management easy.
These tools include the lewis model Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS), the Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC), Visitor Activity Management Process (VAMP), Visitor Impact Management (VIM), and Visitor Experience Resource Protection (VERP). Visitor Impact Management. This management tool covers a variety of techniques and processes for define multinational corporation supervising visitors, their impacts and lewis model their activities in specific areas (Buckley, 2004). Public and define corporation private organizations in the tourism sector use this tool for business model managing natural areas that require special protection. VIM’s focus is on the visitor impacts on specific locations. Left. This management tool, just like the visitor Activity Management tool, relies on specific methods for its application. The methods include education, track hardening, time mechanisms, behaviour management and other design led solutions. VIM processes recognizes the standards and indicators for mangers to john business obtain desired goals. The managers at Singapore Zoo would need to state the zoo’s goals, in order to utilize this tool. What Mean. The goals can range on the type of resources, activities, and the recreationists.
Therefore, if the goal of the zoo is to maintain the animals’ health or increase visitors per year, the management can utilize VIM to help the zoo achieve this goal. John Business. In this aspect, the tool resembles Limits of Acceptable Change, though its techniques are simpler than those of LAC, and were the first ones to be developed. VIM’s techniques are more familiarized to respond to the perceptions of managers instead of the stakeholders. Additionally, it is No Hovering in the Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke easy to incorporate VIM’s processes for participation models. As stated earlier, VIM is most applicable in protected areas management. Despite this, it is compulsory to apply formal frameworks to influence its positive performance. VIM’s framework follows the following steps; Pre-assessing database review- in this step, the management compiles and reviews applicable information that it already has so as to obtain initial problems’ perspectives.
Reviewing management options-, the management reviews its current objectives in order to state and define the type of experiences that the site offers. Selecting key impact indicators- managers selects objective indicators that define variables and lewis planning objectives. Selecting impact indicator standards- Managers decide when and how the above indicators are measured, and specify the acceptable limits levels. Comparing existing conditions standards- the corporation steps compares the john business present situation with the desired conditions. Identifying probable impacts’ causes- isolates potential factor that could contribute to impact conditions. Identifying management strategies- this step identifies a variety of strategy alternatives that helps in recognizing type, amount and the distribution of what, people suing activities. Implementation- offers the management with alternatives for implementing the above strategies. Another framework is VAMP, which includes the following steps; Selecting objectives for visitor activities Setting terms of business, references Identifying visitor management issues Analyzing visitor management issue Developing visitor activity and services options Providing propositions and in milk seeking the approval of john lewis model, services, activities or facility plan Implementing recommended options. These processes can extend to include other steps, especially in areas with broader analysis scales.
The additional steps would include reviewing and No Hovering Article, Helicopter Parents-Stop Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke identifying issues, indicator selection, resources inventory, indicator standards specification, iterative monitoring process and implementation, impact versus standards comparison, and lewis model management alternative identification. The framework uses social and natural science’s information to assist the decision making process. It also employs an No Artist Behind open market orientation to include resource opportunities with visitor demands. In this respect, the management at Singapore Zoo could use it to ensure that over crowding does not affect allocation of recreational activities. The framework helps the management develop various options for services and activities for business visitors, and what have prostitution provide advices on activity approval plan.
The park’s management would use this framework to plan and ensure that the number of visitors to the park at any point coincides with the number of available resources.Visitor management is a key concept to the functioning of the Department of Conservation (DOC) strategy, as it fosters utilization of historic and natural recreational resources. The DOC visitor strategy allows the management of lewis, design the management process by seeking to identify values, assessing potential visitor impacts, responding and monitoring the impacts and developing an ideal management regime. The focus of the DOC is to what does develop a standard process, which identifies key visitor impacts, especially on the values of the location. To do this effectively, the lewis model strategy employs the help of other management agencies like Geographic Information Systems. VAMP should always be linked to the objectives of the overall management site. Its analysis and investigation sites should recognize the cause of impacts in order to allow the set up of deeper research and monitoring framework.
In the past, Visitor Management was based on the interpretations and perceptions of managers on the ground. Have. In addition to this, agency’s policies and legislation drove its operations. Presently, stakeholders’ involvement is lewis business possible for reviewing relevant objectives, selecting central monitoring standards and indicators and define initiating input into related strategies for management. This stakeholder involvement is john business model beneficial in in milk uk instances where there are suitable indicators of unacceptable consequences. Model. In this case, the input of the No Hovering in the Article, Hovering, Diether H. Haenicke public is able to identify relevant stakeholder perceptions on specific issues. In this respect, traditional VIM was similar to the processes of LAC. The Limits of john business model, Acceptable Change (LAC) A central wilderness management goal is restoring or maintaining solitude and naturalness qualities. Sometimes human-induced changes usually threat the hormones in milk uk quality of solitude and naturalness qualities of the wilderness. John Lewis Business. It is possible to eliminate recreational changes if the management prohibits incorrect use of the does proletariat wilderness by lewis business visitors.
Because of this, wilderness management challenge is not preventing human induced change, but deciding on the extent of change allowable, where this changed is allowed and the control actions the management can use. What. This paper looks into the amount of allowable change, explicitly defined by quantitative standard means, procedural evaluation and monitoring of management as well as the apposite management actions. The processes of LAC oblige managers to characterize needed conditions of the wilderness and undertake appropriate measures to achieve and maintain these conditions. Business. Certain pressures influence these conditions, including fire control, recreation, mining, and grazing. Despite having identified recreation as an important concern of LAC, it is important to emphasize that the management of the wilderness absorbs more than recreation. The following LAC processes provide a structure for managing the dilemma of accommodating human use, yet preserving the quality of the wilderness. No Hovering Parents In The Article, Parents-Stop Hovering, H. Haenicke. These processes provide basic attention to the conditions of the wilderness that are present, and those that the management judge as acceptable.
An important aspect of the LAC process is the explicit recognition of the value of presenting diverse wilderness circumstances. Putting in mind that any wilderness use usually results into some amount of effect, the processes oblige managers to john business model identify locations of damage, the extent and the appropriate or acceptable degrees of change. The LAC process includes four fundamental components; the first component is specifying the what accident achievable and satisfactory resource and social conditions, through measurable parameters. The second component is john model analyzing the Parents Hovering, H. Haenicke relationship between the conditions that already exists and those that the management judges as acceptable. Thirdly, the management must identify the necessary actions for achieving the conditions and lastly, the management must establish a program for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of the management. The four components are further divided into nine steps in order to facilitate their application.
The first step is identifying an area of concern or issue, step two us defining and describing class opportunity, step three is selecting resource indicators and social conditions, step four, establishing an inventory resource, step five, specifying resource conditions and social indicators, step six identifying alternative allocations for opportunity class. Lewis. Step seven includes identifying appropriate management actions for every alternative, followed by an evaluation and selection of an effective alternative, and finally, implementing actions and monitor conditions. Application of the does proletariat mean LAC. The application of LAC follows is a step by john business step process, focus on each of the define multinational nine steps. In the application in lewis business Singapore zoo, it is necessary to define an issue area as well as concerns of the public and the management. Singapore Zoo is the earliest and most important zoo in Singapore. Because it attracts numerous visitors every year, a common issue that the management has identified is No Artist Behind animal feeding and littering. In the application, the first step is identifying and describing opportunity classes. The opportunities that both the public and the management identify are littering, over crowding and animal feeding.
After this, it is necessary to select resource and social conditions indicators. The possible indicators here include recreationist encounters, forage utilization and lewis business multiple trails. Recreation Opportunity Spectrum. This is a behavioural approach, which helps land managers identify and provide diversified recreational opportunities for hormones public land managers (Diamantis, 2004). It recognizes the human beings seek not just a recreational site, but a complex experience that comes from a mixture of related factors. This tool allows managers to zone, describe and provide varied experiences fro recreation to model the public, while acknowledging that no one land piece can offer an entire spectrum of recreational activities. The spectrum that ROS identifies the range on a continuum of primitive to semi-primitive, natural to rural, motorized to reloaded, to what of the urban.
Every classification has different sorts of settings. Model. Primitive classification may focus on the social setting that is most appropriate for encounters with less than six parties’ days on trial (Pigram , M.J 2006). On the other hand, reloaded natural may focus on necessary social setting, which allows moderate to multinational the high road contacts. ROS seeks to identify large land polygons, where specific recreational experiences would be most available to the public. It has tentative specifications, which are expressed in percentage range. ROS also understands that when people consider outdoor recreation opportunities, they make choices on activities, settings and recreational experiences. A recreation opportunity setting refers to a combination of social, biological, physical and managerial conditions, which adds value to a place. In this respect, an opportunity includes nature qualities (landscapes, vegetation and scenery), recreational use qualities (types and john business model levels of use ) and conditions that the management provides (regulations, roads and developments). It is possible for does proletariat mean the management to provide recreational opportunities when it combines these variations. The primary assumption under ROS is that management can assure outdoor recreation quality by providing diversified opportunities.
There are numerous preferences and tastes for recreational activities, however, many visitors consider personalized quality as the most important quality. Recreation opportunities should provided different psychological outcomes, Application of the ROS. Managers can use ROS to offer visitors with certain information about what the site is like, and not the experiences visitors should expect. The visitor’s opportunity choice will offer feedback on the degree to which opportunities accomplish the outcomes that visitors desired.
ROS provides a framework that varies situational attributes explicitly, in order to yield several recreational opportunities. The recreationists will utilize these opportunities to derive satisfaction. The opportunity factor is defined using several factors including access, non recreational resource uses, onsite management, social interaction, visitor management acceptability and acceptable regimentation level. Types of lewis model, access include trails, cross-country travel and roads. ROS helps management design and define access systems. Define Corporation. Research indicates wide preference in the type of access that cuts across many conditions (Dawson Hendee, 2008). Non recreational resource factor considers the extent of use of non recreational resources such as grazing and john lewis model mining. For example, visitors to semi arid primitive locations with roads usually accept logging and grazing, though they may express concerns over No Hovering Parents in the Diether large clear cuts. On site management feature includes modifications to the site such as vegetation of exotic species, landscaping, vegetation management and traffic barriers.
Evaluating the appropriateness of site management is done by john lewis business considering four elements; modification extent, modification extent, modification apparentness, and facilities. The fourth factor is what proletariat mean social interaction. Recreationists tend to john lewis model have low interaction levels in primitive settings while the opposite is observable in modern settings. Insufficient interaction levels in certain settings especially modern, is sometimes undesirable, as is excessive interaction levels in primitive settings (Jamal Robinson, 2009). Managers of sites must pay attention to the necessary type of use for No Artist Essay every setting. For example, in primitive settings, recreationists may travel by foot while cars and automobiles are most applicable in modern settings. The fifth factor in ROS is visitor impacts accessibility. These impacts may be felt by other people through noises or on resources through pollution and trampling. Any use on sites usually result into some impact, therefore, it is upon the management to decide on the appropriate levels of impacts. Managers must maintain equal opportunities for model excellent recreation.
They must also maintain and protect the values of other resources. Behind. To do this, they must identify the appropriate levels of impact, which is done through environmental analysis. John Business. The last factor is acceptable regimentation, which describes the extent, nature and control level of define multinational corporation, opportunities. Modern opportunities tend to be more organized and regulate, compared to primitive ones. John Lewis Business. To achieve efficiency, managers combine these factors in order to uk cove a comprehensive spectrum of recreational opportunities.
This combination determines the john lewis business allowable range for recreational activities. The ROS offers a thinking strategy for managers, which helps them determine recreation opportunities appropriate for specific areas. However, ROS also has application in planning and allocating recreational resources, matching the recreationist experiences with their desired opportunities, and estimating the proletariat impacts of decisions made by john business model management over recreational opportunities.